doctor treating a patient

Different Types of Cancers

One of the most common diseases that is claiming thousands of lives on a daily basis is cancer. In fact, many people leave their countries to go and seek specialized treatment abroad. To understand the different types of cancer, we will have to explore what our bodies are made up of.

Well, our bodies are made up of billions of cells that can only be seen by using a microscope. When the cells group up, they form the various organs and tissues in our bodies. We shall begin by categorizing cancer in different groups.

Carcinoma Cancer

patient with cancer undergoing treatment The carcinoma cancer refers to cancer that starts in the tissues that cover the internal organs or in the skin. We have different types of this kind of cancer like the transitional cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, and adenocarcinoma. This cancer type usually begins from the epithelial tissues.

The epithelial tissue covers the various organs in our bodies like the digestive system and also includes the body cavities like the abdominal and chest cavity. This is the most common type of cancer in the world that accounts for about 85 percent.

Sarcomas Cancer

The sarcomas cancer usually begins from the connective tissues which have a role of supporting the various tissues of the human body. The connective tissues are made of different organs like the fibrous tissue, tendons, cartilage, and bones.

The sarcomas cancer is not as common as the carcinoma cancer. The sarcoma cancer can be grouped into two; that is the soft tissue sarcoma and the bone sarcomas. People that are diagnosed with this type of cancer make up 1 percent of the cancer patients.

Leukemia

Leukemia is another common type of cancer that is referred to as the cancer of the blood. Leukemia refers to a condition whereby the bone marrow makes excessive white blood cells.

Since the excessive white blood cells are not made in the right way, they do not function in the right way. The excessive buildup of the white blood cells that do not work correctly is what leads to the condition that is referred to as leukemia.

Lymphomas

man with lymphatic cancer Last but not least we have the lymphomas and myeloma cancer which affect the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is a critical system in our body as it is responsible for the filtration of the body fluids and also helps in fighting various infections. This type of cancer can begin anywhere in our bodies.…

Diseases Caused By Nutritional Deficiencies

fruits for vitamins When you visit a nutritionist, he will advise you to eat a balanced diet. A balanced diet refers to a meal that has all the essential nutrients in it. The essential nutrients that the body needs include vitamins, proteins, carbohydrates, and some minerals like calcium and sodium.

 

When we lack any of the critical nutrients, then we are likely to suffer from some disease. Both the adults and children require proper nutrition if they are to be safe from the conditions that are caused by nutritional deficiency. This article highlights the various conditions that are caused by a lack of specific nutrients.

Rickets

We need vitamin D in our body since it helps in the absorption of calcium in our bodies. Calcium is critical as it helps us in the development of healthy bones and teeth. This is why it is always recommended to bask in the sun especially early in the morning and late in the evening.

When we lack vitamin D, it means that our body will not be able to absorb the critical minerals like potassium and calcium which may cause rickets. Rickets is characterized by the bone deformities, knocked-legs, bowed-legs, and soft and weak bones. Other than the sunlight, the foods that are rich in vitamin D are liver, oil, fortified dairy products, and fish.

Goiter

Iodine is a critical mineral that our body needs. When getting iodine when we eat food that has been cooked with iodinated salt. We need iodine in our bodies since it is vital for the normal cell metabolism. When we lack iodine in our diet, it means that our body will have a problem with the normal cell metabolism which will cause goiter.  Goiter leads to the enlargement of the thyroid glands thus resulting in weak growth and development and hypothyroidism.

Kwashiorkor

Kwashiorkor is another disease that is caused because of the lack of specific nutrients. Kwashiorkor is caused when the body lacks protein and energy. This disease is common in the young children who are growing. Many parents usually give such children carbohydrates and forget to supplement their diet with proteins. Giving your children dairy products and fish will help you in fighting this nutritional disease.

Night Blindness

poor night vision Night blindness is a disease that is caused as a result of a lack of specific nutrients. Night blindness is also referred to as xerophthalmia.

It is caused by keratinization and dryness of the epithelial tissue, weak growth, and the chronic eye infection. Lack of vitamin A causes night blindness. Eating lots of carrots could help you in fighting this disease.

 

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