One of the most common diseases that is claiming thousands of lives on a daily basis is cancer. In fact, many people leave their countries to go and seek specialized treatment abroad. To understand the different types of cancer, we will have to explore what our bodies are made up of.
Well, our bodies are made up of billions of cells that can only be seen by using a microscope. When the cells group up, they form the various organs and tissues in our bodies. We shall begin by categorizing cancer in different groups.
The carcinoma cancer refers to cancer that starts in the tissues that cover the internal organs or in the skin. We have different types of this kind of cancer like the transitional cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, and adenocarcinoma. This cancer type usually begins from the epithelial tissues.
The epithelial tissue covers the various organs in our bodies like the digestive system and also includes the body cavities like the abdominal and chest cavity. This is the most common type of cancer in the world that accounts for about 85 percent.
The sarcomas cancer usually begins from the connective tissues which have a role of supporting the various tissues of the human body. The connective tissues are made of different organs like the fibrous tissue, tendons, cartilage, and bones.
The sarcomas cancer is not as common as the carcinoma cancer. The sarcoma cancer can be grouped into two; that is the soft tissue sarcoma and the bone sarcomas. People that are diagnosed with this type of cancer make up 1 percent of the cancer patients.
Leukemia is another common type of cancer that is referred to as the cancer of the blood. Leukemia refers to a condition whereby the bone marrow makes excessive white blood cells.
Since the excessive white blood cells are not made in the right way, they do not function in the right way. The excessive buildup of the white blood cells that do not work correctly is what leads to the condition that is referred to as leukemia.
Last but not least we have the lymphomas and myeloma cancer which affect the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is a critical system in our body as it is responsible for the filtration of the body fluids and also helps in fighting various infections. This type of cancer can begin anywhere in our bodies.